Architecture’s Journey to Modernism
Rejecting ornamentation and promoting minimalism, Modernism has become the single most important new style or ideology among design and architecture firms in 20th-century. It was associated with an analytical approach to building function, a strictly rational use of (often new) materials, structural innovation and ornamental elimination.
It was also known as International Modernism, or International Style, after the architect Philip Johnson’s 1932 exhibition of modernist architecture in America.
The style was characterized by an emphasis on volume, asymmetrical compositions, and minimal decoration. The term Modern Movement was used in Britain to characterize the systematic modernist designs from the 1930’s to the early 1960s.
The founders of the movement were Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier, with the latter having a profound impact on the design of many British public housing schemes.